The group of six landscapes (Rovigno, Brioni or Landscape with Trees and Sea, Island of Brioni, Zara, Rovigno and Pola), was acquired in 1991 with the Istituto Bancario Italiano (IBI) Collection, which it entered from the Credito di Venezia e del Rio de la Plata Collection.
This painting shows a view of Zara, in Dalmatia, and was probably executed, like the other five in the Cariplo Collection, during the artist’s stay in Istria during the summer of 1924. The ancient ruins of the Roman Forum, adjacent to the Church of Santa Maria, and the bell tower of the Byzantine Church of San Donato in the background, with the modern houses and white awnings of the market stalls in the foreground create an interlocking pattern of volumes and forms, defined by sharp precise outlines and rich, dense fields of colour.
Fonda completed his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest and in Munich, and after World War I, he frequently participated in exhibitions at the Ca’ Pesaro and the Biennale in Venice, then in Milan and finally in Paris, where he met with considerable success at the 1928 Salon d’Autonne. His interest in balanced, severe compositions, in the style of Paul Cézanne, is constantly evident in his production, which includes Karst landscapes, portraits, fishermen, as well as views of the Paris suburbs.
In February 1929, when remembering the recently deceased artist in L’Ambrosiano, Carlo Carrà underlined that his research was based on an analysis of reality, through a synthesis of “colour, light and volumes”, to give his images “a sense of lasting poetry".