Giuseppe Palizzi moved to Naples in 1835 and enrolled at the Royal Institute of Fine Arts, where he came into contact with the painters of the Posillipo School, the following year. He presented historical landscapes at the yearly shows, but strained relations with the academic world led him to leave Italy. It was in 1844 that he settled at Passy in the region of Île-de-France on the edge of the forest of Fontainebleau. This became the primary subject of his painting, which developed in the direction of painstaking realism through the influence of the Barbizon School, among other things. He kept in contact with his brother Filippo by letter and shared the results of his artistic explorations. He exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon and, after a short stay in Italy in 1854, returned to France, where he achieved great success with landscape paintings that often included the figures of humble labourers. He was made a member of the Legion of Honour in 1859 and received the Italian decoration of the Cross of the Knights of St Maurice and St Lazarus in 1862. He died in Paris in 1888.